Published Date : 12-12-2022
Publisher : Pharma Science
Views : 1100
Diabetes is a chronic condition caused by the body’s inability to produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose move from the blood into cells to be used for energy. People with diabetes have too much glucose in their blood, which can lead to serious health problems. The cause of diabetes is not completely understood but is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors
There are various types of diabetes, each with its own distinctive features. Here are the two main types:
Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot produce insulin, a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar. As a result, blood sugar levels rise higher than normal and cause symptoms such as fatigue, weight loss, increased urination, and thirst. There is no cure for type 1 diabetes. The condition can be managed with diet, exercise, and insulin injections.
Type 2 diabetes occurs most often in people who are overweight and inactive. It is the most common form of diabetes and is usually caused by a lack of the hormone insulin or the body's inability to properly use the insulin it produces. People with type 2 diabetes usually have high blood glucose levels that can be controlled through diet and exercise, and sometimes by medications such as metformin and sulfonylureas. Some people who have type 2 diabetes eventually lose the ability to make enough insulin to control their blood sugar and are then treated with insulin injections or an insulin pump.
Gestational diabetes occurs when a woman is pregnant and her blood sugar levels are higher than normal.
Type I diabetes is the most common form, and is caused by a lack of insulin production in the pancreas. Type II diabetes is more common than type I, and results from insulin resistance - the body's inability to use the insulin it makes properly.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. In autoimmune diseases, the immune system attacks and destroys healthy tissue by mistake. In the case of type 1 diabetes, the pancreas is attacked by its own immune system. The destruction of the pancreas results in the loss of its ability to make insulin. People with type 1 diabetes must inject tinsulin dailyto survive. Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of genetics and lifestyle factors. Genetics play a role in determining who gets the disease. However, people with a family history of type 2 diabetes are not always more likely to get the disease themselves. The main cause of type 2 diabetes is obesity. Losing weight is often the most effective way of managing type 2 diabetes. Exercise is also useful in managing type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms often include extreme thirst and frequent urination. Some people have no symptoms at all until they are diagnosed. It is important to get tested for type 1 diabetes if you show any of the symptoms mentioned above.
The most common cause of type 2 diabetes is obesity. As people become overweight, their fat cells begin to produce excess sugar that flows into the blood. This causes blood glucose levels to rise. Excess body fat also increases the production of fat molecules called triglycerides, which can raise levels of cholesterol in the blood. Both obesity and high cholesterol increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. Lack of exercise is another common cause of type 2 diabetes. Regular physical activity helps to maintain a healthy weight and reduce blood pressure and blood cholesterol. Many people develop type 2 diabetes as they get older. Changes in lifestyle and diet can also contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes.
Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that affects the eyes. It occurs when high blood sugar levels damage blood vessels in the retina.
People with diabetes are at increased risk of developing a number of complications. Some of these can be serious and life-threatening, while others are relatively minor. Here are some of the most common complications of type 1 diabetes: Nerve damage (diabetic neuropathy) – a common complication of diabetes that can cause tingling or numbness in the hands and feet, as well as a loss of feeling in the limbs and bladder. This can make it more difficult for people with diabetes to avoid injury and infections.